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长难句结构分析最新经典一百句<3>_曹添瑞

21.

such large, impersonal manipulation of capital and industry greatly

increased the numbers and importance of shareholders as a class, an

element in national life representing irresponsible wealth detached

from the land and the duties of the landowners: and almost equally

detached from the responsible management of business.

[参考译文]

这样巨大而非个人的对资金和产业的操纵极大地增加了股东的数量和他

们作为一个阶级的重要性,这是国家生活中代表不负责任的财富的一个

因素,这种财富不但远离了土地和土地拥有者的责任,而且几乎同样与

公司的负责任的管理毫无关系。

22.

towns like bournemouth and eastbourne sprang up to house large

"comfortable" classes who had retired on their incomes, and who had

no relation to the rest of the community except that of drawing

dividends and occasionally attending a shareholders' meeting to

dictate their orders to the management.

[参考译文]

像伯恩茅斯和伊斯特本这样的城镇的涌现是为了给那些数量很多的"舒

适"阶级提供居住场所。这些人依赖于其丰厚收入而不工作,他们除了

分红和偶尔参加一下股东大会,向管理层口授一下自己的命令之外,跟

社会的其他阶层毫无瓜葛。

23.

the "shareholders" as such had no knowledge of the lives, thoughts

or needs of the workmen employed by the company in which he held

shares, and his influence on the relations of capital and labor was

not good.

[参考译文]

这样的"股东"对他拥有股份的公司所雇用的工人们的生活、思想和需

求一无所知,而且他们对劳资双方的关系都不会产生积极的影响。

24.

the paid manager acting for the company was in more direct relation

with the men and their demands, but even he had seldom that

familiar personal knowledge of the workmen which the employer had

often had under the more patriarchal system of the old family

business now passing away.

[参考译文]

代表公司的花钱雇来的经理与工人及其需求的关系更加直接,但是就连

他对工人们也没有那种熟识的私人之间的了解。而在现在正在消失的古

老家族公司的那种更加家长式的制度下的雇主们却常常对他们的工人有

这样的私人关系。

25. among the many shaping factors, i would single out the

country's excellent elementary schools: a labor force that welcomed

the new technology;

the practice of giving premiums to inventors; and above all

the american genius for nonverbal, "spatial" thinking about things

technological.

[参考译文]

在许多形成因素当中,我将挑选出这些:这个国家优秀的小学教育:欢

迎新技术的劳动者们:奖励发明者的做法;而且最重要的是美国人在对

那些技术性事物的非言语的、"空间性的"思考方面的天赋。

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