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concerned,concerning的用法辨析_魏艳璟

concerned,concerning的用法辨析

concern这个词是新课标高中英语模块一中的重点词汇,也是高考高频考试词汇。考生和教师有必要对其的一些相关用法进行深入学习。下面就是有关该词的核心知识点,希望对大家有所帮助。

  concerned,concerning这两个词的词义并不相同,用法亦有异。

  this agreement will be signed by the parties

concerned.此协议将由各有关方面签署。

  they called on all departments concerned to take prompt steps

to promote the development of light

industry.  他们要求各有关部门迅速采取措施,促进轻工业发展。

由例句可见,concerned用作形容词解作“有关的”时,是后置定语,大都放在它所修饰的名词之后。但在动词“to

be”之后而同样解作“关于”时,则要用be concerned with的形式,如:

  this book is concerned with english usage.  此书是与英语惯用法有关。

  值得注意的是,concerned(亦可表示动词之意)也可解作“关心”、“担心”、“挂…念的,担…心”的解,与之搭配的介词为at、about或,用作此意时,concerned也是形容词。例:

  he was deeply concerned at the news.  听到这个消息时,他深为担忧。

  we are all concerned about the pollution of the environment

here.  对这里的环境爱到污染,我们都感到不安。

parents are naturally concerned for their children's

safety.  父母自然关心他们儿女的安全。

i am very concerned about her.我非常挂念她。

to concern oneself with public work关心公众事务

we're rather concerned about father's health.我们相当担心父亲的健康。

we are all concerned for [about] her safety.我们大家都担心着她的安全。

下面是concerning的例句:

  this is a proposal concerning the construction of the new

airport.  这是关于兴建新机场的一项建议。

  yesterday we wrote him a letter concerning the business

arrangement.  昨天我们就业务安排问题写了一封信给他。

  在个别场合下,concerned with可以和concerning互换使用,原因是从句which are

concerned with中的which are 省略了。例如:

  we had several disputes concerning/(which are)concerned with

this matter.关于此事,我们曾争论过数次。

  请注意,下列语句的区别:

  they were concerned(worried)about the matter.他们为此事而担忧。

  they were concerned(implicated)in the matter.他们参与此事。

  they were concerned (connected)with the matter.他们与此事有关。

此外,作为特定词组,as far as i am concerned解作in my opinion;

as far as sth is concerned解作concerning sth/ talking about

sth.例:

  as far as i'm concerned,this plan is

impractical.依我来看,这个计划不切实际。

as far

as funding is concerned,some banks have agreed to provide

loans.关于资金方面,一些银行同意提供贷款。

词形词义拓展:

unconcerned adj.漠然的, 漠不关心的;无关的,不相干的

= indifferent

it is quite indifferent to me whether you go or

stay.对你的去留我毫不关心。

i am indifferent to their arguments.我对他们的争论毫不关心。

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