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真人秀利弊的英文

"Reality show" has become one of the wonders of the TV can not be ignored, the reality show has not only meet the public curiosity and thirst for knowledge, but also bring considerable profits. But the reality of China's reality show, after a long period of prosperity after the surface, has now entered the bottleneck, the reality of the plight of production and operation can not be ignored. In this paper, the reality TV show on the production, the status quo, practical significance, as well as problems.

关键词:电视真人秀 受众 利弊

Key words: TV reality show audience pros and cons

真人秀(也称真人实境秀、真实电视,reality television)一般是指以电视传媒为介质,通过举办某一类别的比赛活动,以从多名参赛者中选取最终获胜者为目的,同时有着丰富的奖品,可以获得广泛的经济效益的电视节目。

The reality show (also known as a reality show, reality TV, reality television) generally refers to the TV medium by hosting a category of game, to select the winner from more contestants for the purpose, and has a rich prize, can obtain extensive economic benefits of television programs.

一、 电视真人秀节目的产生

First, the reality TV show

真人秀节目的产生,并非是电视台的一时心血来潮,而是顺应了中国电视节目内在发展规律的产物,在某种程度上满足了大众对于“真实”的日益强烈的需求感。媒体将日常生活中的一切“真实的实在”转化为各种影像,在这里电视和现实世界的空间界限已经模糊并趋于消亡,人们生活中的一切事物都可以不加设计和剪辑被搬上电视荧幕,“真实”成为最大的卖点。在没有权威、没有不平等的节目中,观众感同身受地体验着真人秀节目带来的如临其境般的感受,使日益求真的消费心理得到极大的满足。

Reality show, television is not temporary but conform to the product China prompted by a sudden impulse, TV shows the intrinsic law of development, to a certain extent to meet the public for the "real" increasingly strong demand. The media will be in daily life all the "real" into a variety of images, the boundaries of space here on TV and the real world have been blurred and disappearing, everything in the life of people can not be designed and clip onto the television screen, "real" has become the biggest selling point. In the absence of authority, no inequality in the show, the audience feel the experience of reality show the immersive feel, the truth of consumer psychology has great satisfaction.

传统电视节目,即使是现场直播,观众也只能以短信的方式参与互动。真人秀节目的出现一改传统电视节目单向传播的方式,使观众日益多元化地参与到节目中来。真人秀节目中的主角大都是从普通人中选拔出来的,他们与观众社会地位和生活环境方面的相似使观众在一定程度上成为了节目的组成部分,从而大大提高了节目的互动性。而且现代摄像与存储技术的飞速发展,尤其是便携式摄像设备的普及,使人们可以记录到生活中的方方面面,将一切贴近生活的素材片断以录像的形式保存并再现出来。真人秀节目在易于让观众产生共鸣的同时有着广阔的发展空间和市场价值。

Traditional TV programs, even if it is live, the audience can only participate in the interaction of text messages. The appearance of reality TV shows a way to change the way of traditional TV programs, so that the audience is increasingly involved in the program. In the reality TV show, the main characters are mostly selected from ordinary people in the audience, similar to a certain extent, has become a part of the program and the audience their social status and living environment, thus greatly improving the interactive programs. But modern photography and the rapid development of storage technology, especially the popularization of portable camera equipment, so that people can be recorded in all aspects of life, everything will be close to the life of the material in the form of video sequences to save and reproduce. The reality show has a wide development space and market value while it is easy for the audience to resonate.

二、真人秀节目发展现状分析

Two, reality show development status analysis

电视真人秀节目自20世纪50年代率先出现在英国,逐渐成为世界性的电视文化奇观。在中国,以2000年开播的《生存大挑战》为代表的“野外真人秀”类节目标志着真人秀节目的开端。在获得了较好的反响之后,各地电视台也纷纷加入到真人秀节目中来,诸如《金苹果》、《开心辞典》、《幸运52》等。从《超级女生》、《梦想中国》,到野外生存类和职场类的节目,再到现在的如《百里挑一》、《非诚勿扰》的情感类真人秀节目。真人秀节目的产生顺应了时代发展的潮流,当虚假的电视节目泛滥的同时,观众们已经厌倦了造作和虚伪的演员,厌倦了千篇一律的电视剧情,观众们需要一种真实的、没有演员、没有虚假的节目。[1]虽然由于国情、文化传统和观众的收视习惯不同一度引发争议而使部分节目遭到叫停,但真人秀节目不可阻挡地成为了中国电视界的一个繁荣角色。

The reality TV show has appeared in the UK since 1950s, and has gradually become a worldwide television cultural spectacle. In Chinese, in 2000 launched the "survival challenge" as the representative of the "wild reality show" program marks the beginning of the reality show. After obtaining a better response, local TV stations have also added to the reality show, such as "golden", "Happy Dictionary", "lucky 52" etc.. From the "super girl", "dream of Chinese", to live in the wild and workplace programs, such as "now and then", "the cream of the crop" If You Are The One emotional reality show. The reality show complies with the development trend of the times, when the false TV spread at the same time, the audience has been tired of artificial and false actor, tired of the monotony of TV drama, the audience needs a real, not actors, no false. [1] although due to national conditions, cultural traditions and the audience's viewing habits were controversial and some of the programs were halted, but the reality show has become an irresistible role of China's television industry boom.

如今真人秀节目繁多,大体可以分为如下几类:室内生活类、野外生存类、交友类、博彩类、才艺与才智类、才能与技艺类、体验类、服务类等,这些节目在吸收国外真人秀的同时进行本土化改造,收视率也在节节攀升,受到了业界的好评。目前国内的真人秀节目主要集中在才艺选秀、唱歌、跳舞、戏曲等,而且随着真人秀的发展,职业秀也逐渐的发展起来。真人秀渐渐的扩展到了多个领域,有专家预言,在未来三到五年内,电视节目将会是真人秀的天下。 [2]

Now the reality show variety, can be divided into the following categories: indoor life, survival, friends, gaming, talent and intelligence, skills, experience and ability, service class, local modification of these programs in the absorption of foreign reality at the same time, ratings are climbing that is the praise of the industry. At present, the reality show in China is mainly concentrated in the talent show, singing, dancing, drama, etc., and with the development of reality show, career show has gradually developed. Reality show gradually expanded to a number of areas, some experts predict that in the next three to five years, the TV show will be the reality show. [2]

三、真人秀节目发展存在的问题

Three, the reality show development problems

真人秀节目在迎合观众消费心理以及推动电视行业发展的同时,社会各界对它的争论也从未停止过。其中最为突出的是媒体在道德底线上的问题。由于真实是真人秀节目的最大卖点,在节目制作过程中会使参与者的隐私暴露大庭广众之下,在巨大的经济收益面前,道德底线一次次受到挑战,因而为媒体立法是一个不容忽视的问题。

Reality show in the audience to meet consumer psychology and promote the development of the television industry at the same time, the community debate on it has never stopped. One of the most prominent is the issue of the media in the moral bottom line. Because the truth is the biggest selling point of the reality show, in the program production procewill make the privacy of the participants exposed to a public occasion, in front of the huge economic benefits, the moral bottom line to be subjected to a challenge, so the media legislation is a problem that can not be ignored.

其次,在一些真人秀节目中,面对着获胜或过关后能得到的巨大的奖励,一些参与者为了不被淘汰,有可能会采用一些恶劣手段。日常生活中隐秘的人性丑陋面在节目中可能以最大限度放大,并且成为收视关注的热点。[3]

Secondly, in some reality shows, in the face of victory or after the clearance can get a huge reward, some participants in order not to be eliminated, there may be some bad means. The ugly face of human nature in daily life may be magnified in the program, and become the focus of attention. [3]

再者,真人秀节目对青少年的身心健康所造成的影响也不容忽视。真人秀贵在真实,但在某些节目中,种种人性的丑恶和劣根性被放大到了极点,这与中国社会的

Furthermore, the reality show on the physical and mental health of young people can not be ignored. Is the true reality, but in some programs, all sorts of uglineand evil is magnified to the extreme, and the China Society

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